Architecture

Building the castle of dreams

Highlights

1. About : Architecture is the combination of ART and ENGINEERING

2. Get ready for : Numerical skills, Artistic skills, Visualization, Creativity, Legal knowledge

3. How to go for it? : Bachelor of Architecture, PG and Doctoral Degrees

4. Opportunities ahead : Private Practice, Government jobs, Project & Construction manager, Academics, Specialization, Further studies

5. Channel checks : Rise of untrained architects in India

6. Let’s be little futuristic : Development of smart cities, affordable homes, improved infrastructure facilities, urban development transformation, slum rehabilitation

7. Useful links : Letter from an architect to the gurus and students of architecture, the importance of building professional relationships in architecture, 10 amazing facts about Le Corbusier who designed Chandigarh, one of India’s first planned cities

8. 1dot1 Mentors : Priya Panjwani

About

Do buildings really speak? Not literally of course, but are you always admiring the shape & idea of the building or trying to see what it is conveying through its shape?

If so, then the study of architecture might be interesting for you. But again there is a lot more to do as an architect than admiring amazing buildings out there.

Have a look at this beautiful structure of the course which one can pursue.

 

Architecture is the combination of ART and ENGINEERING. It is an art in terms of designing buildings, products whereas it is technical in terms of the construction process.

Architects are the actual creators who plan, design, and oversee the construction of buildings and structures that exist in our surroundings. They are the designers for the necessities of mankind.

 

The basic job of an architect requires:

  • meeting with clients to determine objectives and requirements for structures,
  • direct workers who prepare drawings and documents,
  • prepare structure specifications,
  • manage construction contracts
  • prepare scaled drawings, either with computer software or by hand.

Get ready for

Numerical skills

The whole concept of architecture is grounded within the rules and boundaries of mathematics. You should have a strong grasp of mathematics especially geometry and advanced algebra.

As an architect, you may find yourself engrossed in advanced math once in a while. Be it calculations, estimations, budgeting, or conversions.

Artistic skills

Fair share of artistic skills is required to become a successful architect. Conceptualization, sketching, drafting, and industrial design are some of the aspects that come under the radar of design skills. Regular design practice is another excellent way of honing one’s creativity, and there is no substitute for hard work.

Visualization

Almost every good architect has one thing in common and that is exceptional visualization.  Right from the beginning to end, you have to visualize designs and ideas so as to convey the same to your clients. In the end, architecture is about bringing ideas to life. How you would do that if you can’t even imagine those ideas in your mind?

Creativity

Everyone wants something unique on the table every time. As an architect, you have to come up with creative ideas. However, it’s a slow process to become creative.

Legal knowledge

The construction of buildings starts with the legal process. Building codes & zonal laws determine how, where and what you may build there.

You are free to come up with different ideas but legal limitations you can’t ignore. If your idea doesn’t meet with the building codes, regulations & policies, there is no sense of having a great idea. Even though you may resort to seeking the help of a professional surveyor, it would save a lot of time if you are familiar with the legal aspect of things.

Other

Teamwork, good communication skills, business awareness, attention to detail are some of the other skills which are required to build you as a successful architect.

How to go for it?

Bachelor of Architecture

It is a bachelor's degree course under the branch of architecture. The duration of the course is of 5 years 

- Candidates must have 50% aggregate marks in board exams and must have completed class 12th with Mathematics and English as compulsory subjects.
- Candidates who have completed 3-year diploma after class 10 are eligible to apply for B.Arch course.
- Candidates can get admission through architecture entrance exams such as JEE Main, JEE Advanced and NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture).

Specialization Degree

Besides Master of Architecture, one can pursue Master of Urban Design, Master of Design (Industrial Design), Master of Planning (Environmental Planning / Housing / Regional Planning / Transport Planning / Urban Planning), Master of Landscape Architecture, Master of Building Engineering and Management and many other courses.

- For pursuing master courses, candidates must have completed their Bachelor in Architecture.
- Candidates are also required to pass PG entrance exams like GATE and CEED.

Opportunities ahead

There are various job profiles which architect can takeover depending upon their interest.  This list is not an exhaustive one but covers a few of the profiles that one can opt for.

Private Practice

One can follow traditional path of first seeking job with a well established architectural firm, gaining few years of experience and then jumping to the own practicing firm. It can be a proprietary firm or a partnership firm. It could, over the years develop into a niche consultancy, where projects of only a particular area are handled. For example, there are some architects who only design residential houses. There are others who only do hotels and so on.

Government Jobs

An architecture graduate or a post-graduate can easily apply for Government jobs in departments such as Housing, Transportation Planning etc. There are also job opportunities available at various Ministries like Railway Ministry, Defence Ministry alongside some quasi Government bodies like HUDCO, CIDCO etc.

Project & Construction Manager

Being a manager, you are responsible right from planning the project to development, coordination, and final handover to the client. They offer an end-to-end solution to the clients.

Academics

Finally, we come to the teaching profession, which is considered the noblest of them all. The Council of Architecture has now made it mandatory that fresh graduates are not to be appointed as teachers. They need to have a minimum of three years of experience in the field before they can be hired as Assistant Professors. However they cannot be promoted further to Associate Professor if they do not have a Master’s Degree. Further, some universities make it mandatory for all teachers to have a Master’s Degree. Therefore the logical path to be taken for an architect desirous of entering the teaching profession is to obtain a regular two years Master’s Degree from an institution approved by the Council of Architecture.

Specialization

With the help of a B.Arch degree, one can become a jack of all. After getting Masters’s Degree in a particular area, one can specialize in that field. Let see various specialization areas.

a) Urban Designer

An urban designer is a person who is responsible for designing and planning every aspect of a city. An urban designer not only takes care of urban buildings but also public parks, transportation systems, landscaping, streets etc.

b) Landscapde Designer

Landscape Designers are also somewhat similar to Urban Designers who design residential areas, playgrounds, gardens, public parks, etc which look attractive.

c) Conservation Architect

Among all the countries of the world, India must rank as the first in the number of heritage monuments it possesses. This is an invaluable legacy and needs to be conserved. This work requires the services of a Conservation Architect or Conservationist.

d) Architectural Engineer

They plan a layout of the building’s design, by applying knowledge of engineering forms, ventilation, lighting, structural systems, and building codes.

e) Others

Sustainability Expert, Arbitrator, Acoustics Expert,  3D Visualizer, Architectural Photographer,  Lighting Designer, Architectural Model Maker, etc.

Channel checks

Rise of untrained architects in India

Every development, be it a small meeting venue or a cluster of residences in remote areas, benefits from the thoughtful intervention of a trained architect. The importance of such professional input is unfortunately not recognized.

 

The main reason behind this is many of the new schools are nothing more than money-making machines, admitting a large number of students without adequate experienced staff to provide proper training. There is no system of periodic quality checking. It is only when new architecture graduates look for jobs that the wide gap between the student’s abilities and the actual professional need becomes apparent.

Let's be little

The development of

✓ smart cities
✓ affordable homes
✓ improved infrastructure facilities
✓ urban development
✓ transformation
✓ slub rehabilitation
✓ projects like housing for all
hologram
are some of the agendas that are on the fore and project a huge scope for future architects.

1dot1 mentors